Ji Ben Gong 基本功 – Fundamental Exercises and Training Methods
These basic exercises are fundamental to all styles or martial arts. The basics include the movements of shoulder, arm, waist, leg and hand as well as footwork, jumps, leaps and balancing. Stances, stepping, power generation, sensitivity, conditioning, sticking and trapping, forms, two-man forms, analysis of form applications, sparring, and traditional weapons are all part of the curriculum.
Students must become proficient with them before progressing on to higher levels, because they constitute the essence of kung fu and provide the foundations for more advanced training, such as: San Shou (free fighting), Weapons, Tao-Lu (forms), Kao Da and Ke Shou (body conditioning), Two-Person Practice, Qin-Na (joint locking), Shuia Jiao (throwing) and more.
Ma Bu 馬步 – Horse Training
Standing Exercises are a unique method of practicing Kung Fu, where the practitioner learns basics stance postures using stillness to control internal motions and movements. By so doing the practitioner can better mobilize the inner circulation of Chi (air and energy flow) and guide it to reach out to all extremities in order to combine the external and internal forces. Standing exercises focus on stimulating the mind, natural breathing, high concentration, and proper posture of the body. While practicing, the practitioner is advised to disperse unrelated thoughts from his mind in order to concentrate, and keep his body in a fixed posture for a fairly long time. For most people, training in ma bu is a complete surprise in the beginning. A tall building begins with a strong foundation.
Tao Lu 套路 – Empty Hand & Weapons Forms
These are longer sequences called Forms or Sets. A Set is usually a combination of anywhere from 25 to 250 fighting techniques. These techniques can be combined into any number of sequences for use as fighting or self-defense applications. Sequences help students memorize and master the techniques of the style which have been taught from one generation to the next. These forms also train to build the student’s patience, willpower, endurance, power and much, much more.
Tao Lu Dui Lian 套路對練 – Two-Person Forms
These are forms practiced with a partner doing the opposing form side. Practicing Two-Person Forms allows students to practice with each other to learn and understand the effective fighting techniques of the forms. Two-Person Forms can also be training drills constructed of two or three techniques which let’s a student experience a controlled situation that resembles fighting. This will help to develop natural reactions, which are essential in self-defense situations.
Qin Na 擒拿 – Joint Locking
Sieze and Capture skills are a kind of close range combat skill used to subdue the enemy with minimum exertion of strength and ingenious skillful movements. The basic principle in capturing the enemy is to seize a certain joint in the enemy’s limbs in order to have total control of his body. Successful capturing skills depend on prolonged practice of correct methods. Only through repeated practice can the combatant make a correct judgment of the situation, seize the best opportunity in an actual situation.
San Shou 散手 – Free Sparring
Free Sparring is the next level up from Two-Person Forms and is the training tool which lets students put their techniques into near combat practice. It allows the student to explore and test what they have learned. Sparring is divided into stages or levels, from the most basic reaction training to full contact sparring. Sparring helps practitioners to cultivate bravery, intelligence, agility and cooperation. Protective equipment is utilized to reduce the risk of serious injury.